Vygotsky’s Zones of Development
Lev Vygotsky, a Russian psychologist, believed that what is learned must be taught. He proposed a theory called the zones of development. Every child has a cognitive zone of actual development and a zone of proximal development. Vygotsky argued that we can teach students something new only when the task is within their zone of proximal development. He believed that all learning must proceed from the concrete to the abstract, from the visible and external to the internal. He also believed that almost any child can and will learn if given the right opportunities and instruction.