Onsets and Rimes / Phonograms / Word Families...

Jul 19, 2011 by

Follow the link at the bottom of this post for some FREE downloadable word family cards that you can use to help your primary students learn some basic phonics patterns. First, a quick review: What are onsets and rimes? An onset is the consonant(s) before the vowel(s) in a syllable: /m/ in mind /str/ in street Not all syllables have an onset (it and and do not have onsets).   A rime (A.K.A. a phonogram) is the first vowel in a syllable and whatever follows: /ind/ in mind /eet/ in street All syllables have a rime. Why should we use them in our word study instruction? Onsets and rimes are important because: they are the most psychologically accessible units of sound that may be mapped to a spelling pattern (Goswami, 1996). rimes (also referred...

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Sound Boxes

Oct 11, 2009 by

I have found this technique to be extremely effective with my young spellers who have not developed full phonemic awareness.  It helps them train their ears to hear each part of a word and eventually be able to represent each sound with a written letter.  View a slide show demo of sound boxes. Draw a rectangle with three boxes. Say a familiar word composed of three sounds such as cat, sun, dog, pan. It is helpful to show children pictures of these objects. (I cut short vowel pictures from an old phonics workbook and laminated them). The child says the word, stretching out the sounds. The child pushes a chip into each box as he says the sound. It is important to note that the boxes represent sounds (phonemes) not letters. The words cake...

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