Oct 28, 2009 by

Writing Trait/Strategy:

Word choice; personification; poetry tools

Mentor Text Suggestions:


Personification is a comparison in which something that is not human is described with human qualities. This tool is used especially by poets, but authors of other texts as well, to create mind pictures for the reader. Introduce this literary craft to students by pointing out examples in mentor texts such as those listed above.



Have students go on a “personification walk.” Have them make a list of things they notice (trees, clouds, rocks, grass, wind, etc.) Ask them to choose one and make a list of ways their subject seems human or animal-like. Example: Trees = Giant hands reaching toward the sky. (Heard, 1999).


A 2nd grader personifies a water bottle: I’m a water bottle.  I sit on your desk all day.  No fun at all.  All you do is drink from me.  I’m bored and lonely at night.  You drink drink drink until…I’m in the recycling bin!



  1. Imagery | Teacher 2 Teacher Help - [...] See also suggested literature for metaphor, simile, and personification. [...]
  2. Simile | Teacher 2 Teacher Help - [...] it out. Have students select their own subject and write riddle poems using metaphor, simile, and personification to describe…